On the 25th local time, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) released its latest report ''Renewable Energy and Employment -2016 Annual Report'' in Abu Dhabi, UAE, saying that the number of jobs in the global renewable energy industry has exceeded 8.1 million, an increase from last year. 5%. Among them, the number of jobs in China's renewable energy industry reached 3.5 million, ranking first in all countries.
"Renewable energy employment continues to grow, contrary to the trend of the energy industry as a whole, so it is of great significance." IRENA Director-General Adnan Z.Amin said, "The declining cost of renewable energy technologies and favourable policy frameworks are driving up employment. We expect this trend to continue as the business case for renewable energy becomes stronger and countries move towards meeting the climate targets agreed in Paris."
china, pakistan, us, india, japan, germany lead
The above report pointed out that the total employment in the global renewable energy industry increased in 2015, while the entire energy industry declined. In the United States, for example, renewable energy employment rose by 6%, while oil and gas employment fell by 18%.
In the United States, the outlook for pure coal producers is bleak. The most obvious example is that the Dow Jones coal index in the United States has fallen by about 97% in the past four years. Due to the tightening of domestic and international markets in the United States, and the collapse of coal prices has made it unprofitable to export coal, many coal companies have gone bankrupt in the United States.
In January 2016, ArchCoal, the second largest coal company in the United States, filed for bankruptcy protection, citing reduced market demand and increased environmental regulations. This is also the 49th coal company filed for bankruptcy protection in the United States since 2012. Then, on April 13, Bode Energy (Peabody), the largest coal company in the United States, filed for bankruptcy protection, becoming the 50th U.S. coal company to file for bankruptcy protection in 2012.
In contrast, governments around the world are promoting various policies for renewable energy. The report also pointed out that favorable policy frameworks continue to be the main factor driving employment in the renewable energy industry: national and state auctions in India and Brazil, tax incentives in the United States, and strong policies in Asia have all contributed to employment growth in the industry.
Specifically, in 2015, the countries with the largest number of jobs in the renewable energy industry included China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan and Germany.
Thanks to the development of wind and solar energy, the number of renewable energy employment in the United States rose by 6%. Solar employment grew by 22 percent, 12 times faster than the overall U.S. economy and more than oil and gas jobs. Employment in wind energy also rose by 21%.
Brazil has become a major employer in the biofuels and hydropower industries. Japan has seen significant growth in solar PV in recent years, with employment in the sector increasing by 28% in 2014. India, for its part, plans major activities in the solar and wind energy markets to translate ambitious renewable energy development goals into concrete policy frameworks. Germany is still the EU country with the largest number of renewable energy employment, with employment almost equal to that of France, the United Kingdom and Italy combined.
Solar photovoltaic industry in the first place
The aforementioned report shows that the solar photovoltaic industry is still the renewable energy industry with the largest employment in the world, with a total employment of 2.8 million people, including manufacturing, installation, operation and maintenance, etc. Employment in the sector grew in Japan and the United States, remained stable in China and declined in the European Union.
This is followed by the liquid biofuels industry, which employs 1.7 million people globally. In third place was wind energy, which saw global employment grow by 5 percent to 1.1 million people, thanks to strong growth in wind turbines in China, the United States and Germany. In the United States alone, employment in wind energy rose by 21%.
Countries and regions with the largest number of offshore wind employment include the European Union, the United Kingdom, Germany and Denmark. Overall, due to weak economic growth, employment in the EU has fallen for four consecutive years. According to the latest data available, employment fell by 3% in 2014 to 1.17 million.
"As the energy transition continues to accelerate, renewable energy employment will continue to grow strongly." Ami said that by 2030, the proportion of renewable energy in the global energy structure will double, and 24 million new jobs will be created in the world by then, and the conditions for achieving global climate and development goals will also be met.