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Renewable energy employment rises against the trend
On the 25th, local time, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) released the latest report "Renewable Energy and Employment - 2016 Annual Review" in Abu Dhabi, UAE, saying that the global renewable energy industry employs more than 8.1 million people, compared with last year. Increased by 5%. Among them, China's renewable energy industry employs 3.5 million people, ranking first in the country.
“Renewable energy employment continues to grow, as opposed to the overall energy industry, and is therefore of great importance,” said IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin. “Renewable energy technology costs are falling and favorable policy frameworks are all factors. This has led to an increase in employment. As business reasons for the development of renewable energy are growing and countries are making concerted efforts to achieve the climate goals reached in Paris, we expect this trend to continue."
China, Pakistan, India, Japan and Germany lead
According to the above report, the total employment of the global renewable energy industry has increased in 2015, while the entire energy industry has declined. For example, US renewable energy employment rose by 6%, while oil and gas industry employment fell by 18%.
In the United States, the prospects for pure coal producers are very bleak. The most obvious example is that the US Dow Jones Coal Index has fallen by about 97% in the past four years. Due to the tightening of the domestic and international markets in the United States and the collapse of coal prices that have made exporting coal unprofitable, many coal companies have gone bankrupt in the United States.
In January 2016, ArchCoal, the second largest coal company in the US, filed for bankruptcy protection on the grounds of reduced market demand and increased environmental regulations. This is also the 49th coal company filed for bankruptcy protection in the United States since 2012. Then on April 13, Peabody, the largest coal company in the United States, filed for bankruptcy protection and became the 50th US coal company to file for bankruptcy protection in 2012.
In contrast, it is the promotion of various policies on renewable energy by governments around the world. The report also pointed out that the favorable policy framework remains the main factor driving employment in the renewable energy industry: national and state auctions in India and Brazil, tax incentives in the US, and strong policies in Asia have all contributed to job growth in the industry.
Specifically, in 2015, the countries with the largest number of jobs in the renewable energy industry included China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan, and Germany.
Due to the development of wind and solar energy, the number of US renewable energy employment has increased by 6%. The number of employed people in the solar industry has increased by 22%, which is 12 times the overall employment growth rate of the US economy and exceeds the employment of the oil and gas industry. The number of people employed in wind energy also rose by 21%.
Brazil has become a big employer in the biofuels and hydropower industries. In recent years, solar photovoltaics have seen significant growth in Japan, and the number of employed people in the industry increased by 28% in 2014. India plans to carry out major activities in the solar and wind energy markets, transforming the ambitious renewable energy development goals into specific policy frameworks. Germany is still the EU country with the largest number of renewable energy employment, and the employment is almost equal to the sum of France, Britain and Italy.
Solar photovoltaic industry tops
The aforementioned report shows that the solar photovoltaic industry is still the world's most employed renewable energy industry, with a total employment of 2.8 million people, including manufacturing, installation, operation and maintenance. Employment in the industry in Japan and the United States has increased, China has remained stable, and the EU has declined.
This is followed by the liquid biofuels industry, with a global employment of 1.7 million people. Ranked third is wind energy. Due to the strong growth of wind turbines in China, the United States and Germany, global wind energy employment has increased by 5% to 1.1 million. In the United States alone, wind energy employment has risen by 21%.
Countries and regions with the largest number of offshore wind power employment include the European Union, the United Kingdom, Germany and Denmark. Overall, employment in the EU fell for four consecutive years due to weak economic growth. According to the latest data obtained, employment in 2014 fell by 3% to 1.17 million.
“As energy transformation continues to accelerate, renewable energy employment will maintain strong growth.” Ami said that by 2030, the proportion of renewable energy in the global energy mix will double, and 24 million new jobs will be added globally. It will also meet the conditions for achieving global climate and development goals.