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Distributed photovoltaics will become a landmark in rural areas
Photovoltaic power plants are divided into centralized power plants and distributed power plants. A distributed power station generally refers to a small installed capacity, built on the roof or near the user's area, and is more suitable for the family's power station mode. The cost based on photovoltaic power generation is still high at the current stage, and the development of distributed in China is not as good as expected. On the contrary, large-scale power stations on the ground have attracted a large number of investors. The number of ground power stations has doubled in the past few years, and this year's form has undergone a major reversal. In 2016, the state and all levels of government restricted the construction of ground power stations and supported distributed power plants. Since then, China's photovoltaic market has been transferred from ground power stations to distributed power plants. There are various indications in China that distribution is developing in China. At this stage, rural distributed development is better than urban distribution. Xiaobian is here to analyze the reasons why distributed distribution is popular in rural areas.
The roof property is clear, and the construction of distributed unlimited factors exists.
The location of distributed power plants tends to be rooftops. Roofs are generally idle resources, and they can only be wasted without being used. Building the power station on the roof can effectively utilize the roof space, which is a good thing for both. Rural houses are single-family houses, and the roof is absolutely owned by the owner of the house. Unlike the high-rise buildings in the city, dozens of households share a roof. In rural areas, if you want to build a power station, you can use the roof at any time. There is no need to ask for the consent of other people, which naturally increases the enthusiasm of rural residents to build power stations. The population density in rural areas is low. The area of single-family houses is relatively larger than that in cities. The roof area is naturally larger. The area required for 1KW of photovoltaic power generation system is 10 to 15 square meters. The size of distributed power station is generally 3KW to 5KW. The required area is about 45 to 75 square meters, which can be satisfied for ordinary rural roofs. This is also the first major advantage of distributed development in rural areas better than cities.
Poverty alleviation policies and PV loans provide financial support to promote the development of distributed rural areas.
The price of photovoltaic power generation system itself is too high. This is not the economic pressure that most rural residents can bear. However, in order to support rural residents to build power stations, the state has introduced photovoltaic poverty alleviation policies. Local policies have also introduced local poverty reduction policies in line with national poverty alleviation policies. Poverty alleviation policy. The two levels of government at the national and local levels provide the most favorable guarantee for distributed development in rural areas. The most powerful thrust to promote distributed development in rural areas is the financial support provided by the government in conjunction with local financial institutions. At present, banks in many regions in China have implemented photovoltaic loans, and they have implemented preferential interest policies for rural residents. Rural residents can apply for PV loans to banks that implement photovoltaic loans. In addition, local finances provide distributed local financial subsidies based on state financial subsidies. The Jincheng distributed heat estimate, which has been raging lately, has disturbed many people's heartstrings, which shows that local finance has a strong influence on distributed development. The promotion of distributed financing of photovoltaic loans and local financial subsidies is unpredictable in the future, but it will lead to the development of distributed rural areas.
3 Bank interest is low. For rural residents, building a photovoltaic power station is more reliable than depositing a bank. The most important thing is that the annual interest rate of the bank is 3.5%, and the 10,000 yuan deposit is 350 per year. 30 less than. Building a home photovoltaic power station requires 30,000 to 50,000 yuan, which is not big data for rural residents with deposits. Now let's take the example of a 30,000-unit power station. It is good to analyze whether it is a bank or a power station. The 30,000 deposit bank is 1050 yuan a year, and during this period, you can't use the money because 3.5% is a regular deposit rate. However, the construction of photovoltaic power plants is different. A daily power generation capacity of a 30,000-unit power station is about 16 degrees. Except for the electricity consumption of the home, about 10 degrees can be sold to the national grid (the rural residents use less electricity, which is assumed here) 6 degrees), the electricity cost saved by home every day is 3.3, the electricity fee for selling to the national grid is 5, plus 0.42 of electricity subsidy, the daily income is about 15.22 yuan (the local photovoltaic subsidy is not included here) ), then one month is 456.5 yuan. Taking into account the statistical error of the data, here is the monthly income of 350 yuan, which can replace the interest of the bank for one year. In this way, the revenue from the construction of the power station is much higher than that of the deposit bank.
One of the main revenue characteristics of PV power plants is cash flow income. What is cash flow? Simply understand that there is a fixed income every month. In the above, bank deposits are mentioned on a regular basis. The money cannot be used during the deposit period. Once it is used, it will be invalid and cannot be counted as regular. In other words, you can only use the money after the expiration. The cash flow income of PV power plants will bring convenience to everyone, and the fixed income per month will save you from having to worry about certain expenses. Moreover, there is a compound interest effect on cash flow income. The compounding effect refers to the fact that in the process of the sum of single returns equals one return, the single gain of fixed income is much higher than the actual return of one-time total income at the end of maturity, because the period after the end of the maturity of the single gain In a single income, interest is also generated, and the longer the time, the more accumulated interest and income. Photovoltaic power plants have a 20-year income period and have a greater compounding effect.
Photovoltaic power plants can indeed serve as a way for the rural residents to support their old age, and they are not blown by everyone.
The average age of rural residents is relatively large, over 55 years of age. The lack of working ability has become a time to enter the old-age life. The vast majority of rural residents grow their own vegetables and fruits, and their living expenses are not large. The revenue of the power station 350 per month is enough to support the monthly expenses of an elderly couple. In a small article, I saw in an article that the reason for the rural distributed market is that the rural residents are flickering. This is very disapproving. Nowadays, in the Internet age, rural areas are no longer occluded areas, and the knowledge level and cultural quality of rural residents have increased substantially. They have got rid of the label of traditional backward ignorance, and are a new generation of knowledge farmers, not the ordinary people who are so flickering. With the double improvement of knowledge level and cultural literacy, rural residents have basic financial management awareness and legal awareness, and can better distinguish whether it is really effective or blind. At present, the power station as a way of supporting the elderly has been basically recognized by the majority of rural residents, which is one of the reasons why they have built photovoltaic power plants one after another. The 20-year revenue period of PV is enough to support their half-year life. Instead of waiting for money, it is better to build a power station and earn money every month.
In summary, distribution is indeed more suitable for rural development. China's population is mainly concentrated in rural areas, and the market share of distributed rural areas still has a huge expansion space. In the next few years, the pace of development of photovoltaics in rural areas will not stop. On the contrary, it will accelerate step by step. Finally, like solar water heaters, it will become a landmark in rural areas and become a symbol of rural areas.